What are some common mistakes when deploying ADCP'sFollow
During the process of deployment and data collection, several errors tend to occur, resulting in inconsistencies in the data. In this article, we aim to shed light on some of the common mistakes that customers often approach us with, and provide insights on how to address them.
This issue can be split into two parts: one is the mixing of metals, and the other is the awareness of the magnetic properties in your rig.
When using metals of any kind in your rig, it's crucial to ensure that you don't mix different types of metals as they will begin to corrode. If you're uncertain about your metals, it's recommended to isolate between them by using a length of rope, for example.
Magnetic materials can interfere with the compass in your instrument. Being mindful of the materials near your device and running a quality compass calibration are two crucial steps to ensure that your compass is accurate. You can follow this link for a guide on compass calibration.
"Dragdown" is an occurrence in which ocean currents seize hold of the entire rig, dragging it down. This results in the instrument measuring its own velocity instead of the actual current, which in return gives false measurements. ts. The telltale signs of dragdown can be identified in the data by a noticeable increase in pitch, velocity, and pressure, as demonstrated in the example below:
To reduce the risk of dragdown, there are several measures that can be taken. One effective strategy is to carefully consider the amount of mass the current can take hold of. Are there ways to reduce the mass, such as using a thinner rope or reorganizing the rig to make it shorter?
Buoys that lie on the surface of the water can often be problematic, as they are exposed to strong currents and waves. If the mooring is not appropriately weighted or if the line is under too much tension, the rig may be at risk of being lifted and carried away by the current, or snapping.
To minimize the risk of interference between multiple instruments deployed in the same area, it is recommended to stagger your instruments. This can be achieved by setting a time interval between the starting times of the instruments, ensuring that they do not ping at the same time. Staggering the instruments in this way helps to reduce the likelihood of one instrument picking up the pings from another, leading to more accurate data collection.
|Instrument ID||Start time (first averaging)||Second averaging|
Physical beam interference
One common reason for users having to redeploy their instruments is due to physical interference with the beams. The size of a beam increases as it travels further away from the instrument and is affected by blanking, cell size, and beam geometry. In the figure below, the measurement cell location of an Aquadopp DW is shown.
Any physical obstructions within the beams can result in visible data errors, such as interference from other instruments, growth on the seabed, or buoys. Such interference can be recognized in the data by a constant line at a different speed than the rest of the data.
To prevent such errors, it is crucial to plan well for deployment by becoming familiar with the deployment area and double-checking the beam's direction on the instrument. It is essential to ensure that nothing on the rig interferes with the pings.
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